Library Urbanism and Spatial Politics in Bandung, Indonesia
Frans Ari Prasetyo

Footnotes

1 - See Joshua Barker (2009) Introduction. City & Society. 21 (2), 155–162.

2 - The New Order (Indonesian: Orde Baru, abbreviated Orba) is the term coined by the second Indonesian President Suharto to characterise his regime as he came to power in 1966. Suharto used this term to contrast his rule with that of his predecessor, Sukarno (retroactively dubbed the ‘Old Order, or Orde Lama). The term ‘New Order’ in more recent times has become synonymous with the Suharto era (1966–1998) wikipedia accessed 31 May 2021

3 - Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is an established agenda for companies. This type of international private business self-regulation, is a new emerging profession that engages in the social and environmental contribution of business aiming to contribute to societal goals of a philanthropic, activist, or charitable nature by engaging in or supporting volunteering or ethically-oriented practices. However, CSR is also often used as a tool to cleanse the business’ ‘sins’ to the society/community. Public Private Partnership (PPP) is a cooperative arrangement between two or more public and private sectors, typically long-term and involves government and business that work together to complete a project and/or to provide services to the population.

4 - See Frans Ari Prasetyo. (2015). Sidewalks : Production of Thirdspace in Contemporary Urban Public Space. Japan Foundation.

5 - Based on a lecture given in 1967, Michel Foucault contests the traditional notion of linear time, asserting that concepts of time have been understood in various ways, under varying historical circumstances. He establishes two unique sites -- utopias and heterotopias -- which are linked to other spaces, yet are also in contradiction to those other sites to which they are linked. See Michel Foucault. (1986). Of Other Spaces. Diacritics 16. pp 22-27.

6 - See https://perpustakaanjalanan.wordpress.com/2013/09/13/tentang-perpustakaan-jalanan/ (accessed 19 April 2021)

7 - Perpustakaan Jalanan-Perpusja song by Senartogok in Propagasi Perpustakaan Jalanan Bandung Compilation, 2017. Bandung-Indonesia. First release in Focus Records 2013. Senartogok is a folk hip-hop musician who is also one of the founders of a Perpusja with Rahar and Fajar since 2010, moreover all of them are members of the Masturbasi Distorsi, folk punk bands. Author is not a founder but has been with them since to document and activate Perpustakaan Jalanan until now. Text song at https://perpustakaanjalanan.wordpress.com/2013/10/29/lagu-tribut-untuk-perpustakaan-jalanan/ (accessed 16 April 2021) and the song at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O-j8KjGfovY (accessed 16 April 2021)

8 - See Andres Uhlin. (1997). Indonesia and the Third Wave of Democratization: The Indonesia Pro-Democracy Movement in A Changing World. London. Curzon Press.

9 - See https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2016/08/28/bandungs-street-library-opens-despite-armys-raid.html (accessed 16 April 2021)

10 - See https://www.cnnindonesia.com/nasional/20160827225559-20-154224/pembubaran-perpustakaan-dinilai-memberangus-hak-berekspresi (accessed 16 April 2021)

11 - See Henri Lefebvre. (1991). The Production of Space (D. Nicholshon-Smith, Trans.): Oxford : Blackwell.

12 - See Edward Soja. (1996). Thirdspace : Journey to Los Angeles and Other Real-and-Imagined Places. USA: Blackwell Publishers Inc.

13 - See Abidin Kusno. (2019). Foreword: Exemplary Centre and Beyond. Asia Pacific Viewpoint. 60(1). 3-6.

14 - See https://www.indonesiana.id/read/109311/alun-alun-palaguna-dan-kuasa-lahan-kota (accessed 14 April 2021)

15 - See Merlyna Lim and Rita padawangi. (2008). Contesting alun-alun : Power relations, identities and the production of urban space in Bandung, Indonesia. IDPR. 30(3). pp307-326

16 - See http://data.bandung.go.id/dataset/data-trayek-angkot-kota-bandung/resource/ba31ecf0-c08e-47cf-9351-7c9cd8411bac (accessed 16 April 2021)

17 - https://www.miclib.com/built-planned (accessed 18 April 2021)
























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